Research Report: Clean Air Act Debate

Environmental Protection Agency regulations stemming from the Clean Air Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. §7401 et seq.) have been intensely researched, debated and delayed for years.  The First Street Research Group decided to take a look at the different groups attempting to influence the Clean Air Act.  In this report, we examine the lobbying activity surrounding some of the Clean Air Act bills in the 112th Congress.

Report Highlights

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  • 11 different staffers for the 4 Members of Congress who sponsored the bills we examined have gone through the Revolving Door.  One of these staffers is lobbying on behalf of companies with interest in energy issues.
  • In the 112th Congress 29 bills have been introduced that address the Clean Air Act, and of those bills, 27 have been lobbied on.
  • HR 1204 To amend the Clean Air Act…  has been lobbied on, on behalf of 12 different organizations that spent over $4.5 million on their total lobbying activity during the 3rd quarter of 2011.  The organizations lobbying this bill were mostly large oil companies and organizations.
  • HR 2458 Air Quality Review Interval and Dust Act has been lobbied on, on behalf of 5 different organizations which spent a combined $187,000 on their total lobbying activity during the 3rd quarter of 2011.
  • SJ Res 27 A joint resolution disapproving a rule…  has been lobbied on, on behalf of over 20 different organizations that spent over a combined $13 million on their total lobbying activity during the 3rd quarter of 2011.
  • HR97 Free Industry Act has been lobbied on, on behalf of over 20 different organizations which spent over a combined $20 million on their total lobbying activity during the 3rd quarter of 2011.
  • The Coalition Builder Image below highlights the Free Industry Act’s lobbying activity and shows the connections between the bill’s sponsor Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-TN) whose former staffer is now lobbying for Patton Boggs.

Coalition Builder Image of Free Industry Act Relationships

H.R.1204: To amend the Clean Air Act to eliminate the exemption for aggregation of emissions from oil and gas development sources, and for other purposes.

Congress: 112th Congress
Purpose: To amend the Clean Air Act to eliminate the exemption for aggregation of emissions from oil and gas development sources, and for other purposes.
Sponsor: Rep. Jared Polis (D-CO)
Rep. Polis’s Revolving Door Staffers:

Brian Branton
Chief of Staff – Rep. Jared Polis (D-CO) (2009 – Present)
Registered Lobbyist – United Student Aid Funds, Inc. (2007 – 2008)

Lobbying Activity in 2011 3rd Quarter:

Lobbying Firm Client Amount
Shell Oil Company Shell Exploration & Production Company  $  3,310,000.00
Independent Petroleum Association of America Independent Petroleum Association of America  $      275,796.00
Earthjustice Legal Defense Fund Earthjustice Legal Defense Fund  $      200,124.96
El Paso Corporation El Paso Corporation  $      183,325.00
Devon Energy Production Company, L.P. Devon Energy Production Company, L.P.  $      140,000.00
Sierra Club Sierra Club  $      100,000.00
Alpine Group, Inc. BP America, Inc  $        80,000.00
Alpine Group, Inc. Braskem America, Inc.  $        60,000.00
Alpine Group, Inc. El Paso Corporation  $        60,000.00
Alpine Group, Inc. Bg North America (F.K.A. British Gas North America)  $        50,000.00
Alpine Group, Inc. Agl Resources  $        40,000.00
Alpine Group, Inc. Mlba Services, Inc  $        20,000.00
Total Amount Clients Spent on All 2011 3rd Quarter Lobbying Activity  $  4,519,245.96

 

112 H.R.2458: Air Quality Review Interval and Dust Act of 2011

Congress: 112th Congress
Purpose: To amend the Clean Air Act to change the frequency of review of air quality criteria under section 108 of such Act and national primary and secondary ambient air quality standards under section 109 of such Act from 5-year intervals to 10-year intervals, and for other purposes.
Sponsor: Rep. Jeff Flake (R-AZ)
Rep. Flake’s Revolving Door Staffers:

M. MacMillin Slobodien
Registered Lobbyist – Hogan Lovells US LLP f/k/a Hogan & Hartson LLP (2011 – Present)
Registered Lobbyist – M. MacMillin Slobodien (2011 – Present)
Legislative Assistant – Rep. Jeff Flake (R-AZ) (2008 – 2008)
Breana Teubner  
Registered Lobbyist – Wal-Mart Stores, Inc (2007 – 2009)
Legislative Assistant – Rep. Jeff Flake (R-AZ) (2006 – 2006)
Steven Voeller
Registered Lobbyist – Right Public Affairs (2005 – 2009)
Chief of Staff – Rep. Jeff Flake (R-AZ) (2001 – 2004)

Lobbying Activity in 2011 3rd Quarter:

Lobbying Firm Client Amount
American Lung Association American Lung Association  $    80,000.00
Ohio Municipal Electric Association Ohio Municipal Electric Association  $    75,000.00
Kanner & Associates, LLC Missouri River Energy Services  $    19,433.00
Kanner & Associates, LLC American Municipal Power  $    12,593.00
Shockey Scofield Solutions, LLC Christian Coalition of America  < $5,000
Total Amount Clients Spent on All 2011 3rd Quarter Lobbying Activity  $187,026.00

 

112 S.J.RES.27: A joint resolution disapproving a rule submitted by the Environmental Protection Agency relating to the mitigation by States of cross-border air pollution under the Clean Air Act.

Congress: 112th Congress
Purpose: A joint resolution disapproving a rule submitted by the Environmental Protection Agency relating to the mitigation by States of cross-border air pollution under the Clean Air Act.
Sponsor: Sen. Rand Paul (R-KY)
Sen. Paul’s Revolving Door Staffers:

Doug Stafford
Chief of Staff – Sen. Rand Paul (R-KY) (2010 – Present)
Registered Lobbyist – The National Right to Work Committee (2005 – 2010)

Lobbying Activity in 2011 3rd Quarter:

Lobbying Firm Client Amount
Edison Electric Institute Edison Electric Institute  $    2,580,000.00
Southern Company Southern Company  $    2,130,000.00
Exelon Business Services, LLC Exelon Business Services, LLC  $    1,490,500.00
American Electric Power Company, Inc. and Affiliated Corporations American Electric Power Company, Inc. and Affiliated Corporations  $    1,435,430.00
Entergy Services Entergy Services  $       660,000.00
Public Service Enterprise Group Public Service Enterprise Group  $       630,000.00
Constellation Energy Group Constellation Energy Group  $       620,000.00
Firstenergy Corp Firstenergy Corp  $       590,000.00
National Grid, USA National Grid, USA  $       570,000.00
Centerpoint Energy, Inc. Centerpoint  $       516,000.00
Edison International Edison International  $       468,000.00
Ameren Services Ameren Company  $       430,000.00
Nextera Energy, Inc. (Formerly FPL Group, Inc.) Nextera Energy, Inc. (Formerly FPL Group, Inc.)  $       430,000.00
Xcel Energy, Inc Xcel Energy, Inc  $       380,000.00
CMS Energy Corp CMS Energy Corp  $       220,000.00
Ohio Municipal Electric Association Ohio Municipal Electric Association  $         75,000.00
Dow Lohnes Government Strategies LLC National Grid, USA  $         60,000.00
Environment America, Inc. Environment America, Inc.  $         53,000.00
National Association For The Advancement of Colored People National Association For The Advancement of Colored People  $         50,000.00
League of Conservation Voters League of Conservation Voters  $         30,000.00
LTD Group, LLC Edison Electric Institute  $         20,000.00
Kanner & Associates, LLC Missouri River Energy Services  $         19,433.00
Vectren Corporation Vectren Corporation  $         15,000.00
Kanner & Associates, LLC American Municipal Power  $         12,593.00
Total Amount Clients Spent on All 2011 3rd Quarter Lobbying Activity  $13,404,956.00

 

112 H.R.97: Free Industry Act

Congress: 112th Congress
Purpose: To amend the Clean Air Act to provide that greenhouse gases are not subject to the Act, and for other purposes.
Sponsor: Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-TN)
Rep. Blackburn’s Revolving Door Staffers

David Sanders
Registered Lobbyist – National Community Pharmacists Association (2010 – Present)
Legislative Assistant – Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-TN) (2003 – 2004)
Steve Brophy  
Registered Lobbyist – Dollar General Corporation (2009 – Present)
Chief of Staff – Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-TN) (2003 – 2008)
Cara Moon (formerly Cara Dalmolin)
Registered Lobbyist – Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (2011 – Present)
Legis. Director – Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-TN) (2009 – 2011)
Gregory Louer
Registered Lobbyist – Patton Boggs LLP (2010 – Present)
Policy Director (International Relations, Telecommunications, Intellectual Property, Defense, Taxes, Trade, Small Business, Agriculture, Transportation) – Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-TN) (2008 – 2008)
Companies Represented in 3rd Quarter of 2011

  • James Hardie Building Products, Inc.
  • Mining Awareness Resource Group
  • Pattison Sand
  • Ellis & Eastern Company
  • Importers Service Corporation

Michael Platt
Registered Lobbyist – Recording Industry Association of America (2008 – Present)
Legislative Director (Telecommunications, Taxes, Trade, Defense) – Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-TN) (2003 – 2006)
Rob Seidman  
Policy Director – Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-TN) (2009 – 2011)
Registered Lobbyist – National Rifle Association of America (2004 – 2005)

Lobbying Activity in 2011 3rd Quarter:

Lobbying Firm Client Amount
National Association of Realtors National Association of Realtors  $    6,060,000.00
Edison Electric Institute Edison Electric Institute  $    2,580,000.00
Natl Assn of Manufacturers Natl Assn of Manufacturers  $    2,320,000.00
Southern Company Southern Company  $    2,130,000.00
Duke Energy Corporation Duke Energy Corporation  $    1,600,000.00
Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers  $    1,489,100.00
National Mining Association National Mining Association  $    1,336,053.65
Constellation Energy Group Constellation Energy Group  $       620,000.00
Centerpoint Energy, Inc. Centerpoint  $       516,000.00
Nextera Energy, Inc. (Formerly FPL Group, Inc.) Nextera Energy, Inc. (Formerly FPL Group, Inc.)  $       430,000.00
Lyondell Chemical Company Lyondell Chemical Company  $       400,000.00
Midamerican Energy Holdings Company Midamerican Energy Holdings Company  $       386,677.00
Xcel Energy, Inc Xcel Energy, Inc  $       380,000.00
Sempra Energy Sempra Energy  $       330,000.00
Arch Coal, Inc. Arch Coal, Inc.  $       280,000.00
Ppl Corporation Ppl Corporation  $       250,000.00
CMS Energy Corp CMS Energy Corp  $       220,000.00
Nisource, Inc Nisource, Inc  $       190,000.00
Puget Sound Energy Puget Sound Energy  $       190,000.00
American Lung Association American Lung Association  $         80,000.00
Great Plains Energy (Formerly Kansas City Power & Light) Great Plains Energy (Formerly Kansas City Power & Light)  $         70,000.00
Vectren Corporation Vectren Corporation  $         15,000.00
Lawyers’ Committee For Civil Rights Under Law Lawyers’ Committee For Civil Rights Under Law  $           5,980.00
Total Amount Clients Spent on All 2011 3rd Quarter Lobbying Activity  $21,878,810.65

 

Lobbied Clean Air Act Legislation in the 112th Congress

  • 112 H.R.1149: To amend the Clean Air Act to include algae-based biofuel in the renewable fuel program and amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to include algae-based biofuel in the cellulosic biofuel producer credit.
  • 112 H.R.1204: To amend the Clean Air Act to eliminate the exemption for aggregation of emissions from oil and gas development sources, and for other purposes.
  • 112 H.R.199: Protect America’s Energy and Manufacturing Jobs Act of 2011
  • 112 H.R.1: Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011
  • 112 H.R.253: Clean Vehicles for Cleaner Air Act of 2011
  • 112 H.R.325: FAIR (Foreign Air Impact Regulation) AIR Act of 2011
  • 112 H.R.424: Leave Ethanol Volumes at Existing Levels Act
  • 112 H.R.910: Energy Tax Prevention Act of 2011
  • 112 H.R.97: Free Industry Act
  • 112 S.231: EPA Stationary Source Regulations Suspension Act
  • 112 S.482: Energy Tax Prevention Act of 2011
  • 112 S.493: SBIR/STTR (Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer) Reauthorization Act of 2011
  • 112 S.511: Boutique Fuel Reduction Act of 2011
  • 112 S.77: Pollution and Costs Reduction Act
  • 112 S.RES.119: A resolution recognizing past, present, and future public health and economic benefits of cleaner air due to the successful implementation of the Clean Air Act.
  • 112 H.R.1292: Energy Production Freedom Act
  • 112 H.RES.203: Providing for consideration of the bill (H.R. 910) to amend the Clean Air Act to prohibit the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency from promulgating any regulation concerning, taking action relating to, or taking into consideration the emission of a greenhouse gas to address climate change, and for other purposes.
  • 112 H.R.1473: Department of Defense and Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011
  • 112 H.R.1499: SDHV Energy Efficiency Standards for America Act of 2011
  • 112 S.781: A bill to amend the Clean Air Act to conform the definition of renewable biomass to the definition given the term in the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002.
  • 112 H.R.1705: Transparency in Regulatory Analysis of Impacts on the Nation Act of 2011
  • 112 S.920: SDHV (Small Duct, High Velocity) Energy Efficiency Standards for America Act of 2011
  • 112 H.R.1861: Infrastructure Jobs and Energy Independence Act
  • 112 H.R.1920: To amend the Clean Air Act to conform the definition of renewable biomass to the definition given the term in the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002.
  • 112 S.989: Flint Hills Preservation Act
  • 112 H.R.2009: Fuel Feedstock Freedom Act
  • 112 H.R.2021: Jobs and Energy Permitting Act of 2011
  • 112 S.1085: A bill to amend the Clean Air Act to define next generation biofuel, and to allow States the option of not participating in the corn ethanol portions of the renewable fuel standard due to conflicts with agricultural, economic, energy, and environmental goals.
  • 112 S.1000: Energy Savings and Industrial Competitiveness Act of 2011
  • 112 H.RES.316: Providing for consideration of the bill (H.R. 2021) to amend the Clean Air Act regarding air pollution from Outer Continental Shelf activities, and providing for consideration of the bill (H.R. 1249) to amend title 35, United States Code, to provide for patent reform.
  • 112 S.1226: Offshore Energy and Jobs Permitting Act of 2011
  • 112 H.R.2354: Energy and Water Development and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012
  • 112 H.R.2401: Transparency in Regulatory Analysis of Impacts on the Nation Act of 2011
  • 112 H.R.2454: Child Tax Credit Equality for Puerto Rico Act of 2011
  • 112 H.R.2458: Air Quality Review Interval and Dust Act of 2011
  • 112 H.R.2584: Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012
  • 112 H.R.2608: Continuing Appropriations Act, 2012
  • 112 S.J.RES.27: A joint resolution disapproving a rule submitted by the Environmental Protection Agency relating to the mitigation by States of cross-border air pollution under the Clean Air Act.
  • 112 S.1528: Farm Dust Regulation Prevention Act of 2011
  • 112 S.1564: Renewable Fuel Parity Act of 2011
  • 112 S.1733: Commission on the Review of the Overseas Military Facility Structure of the United States Act of 2011

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